Torino 1871 – Roma 1958
Painter, sculptor, art director and Italian author (Torino 1871 – Roma 1958). He experienced in Turin and Rome, where he moved in 1893, in a cultural milieu interested in humanitarian socialism and scientific positivism, dealing with issues such as urban landscape and human conditions (cycle Dei viventi (Human Beings, 1902-1905), with a language that draws elements from realism, from Art Nouveau and Neo-Impressionism. Mature and famous artist, in 1910 he signed, with his students Boccioni and Severini, the Manifesto of Futurist Painters and the Technical Manifesto of Futurist Painting, but his most original contribution began in 1912 with a series of studies about the movement and “iridescent interpenetrations”. His interest in pure form and especially in colour brought him to research in strict abstraction. He participated intensively to Futurist events, creating and interpreting stage action, drawing clothes, costumes, furniture, designing plastic complexes. His critical view of the second Futurism, in the mid-twenties, was accentuated in the early thirties, bringing him to isolate and to withdraw himself for the research of a naturalistic figuration.